Rate This:Top Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Options
While there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, several treatments and medications exist to help control symptoms, reduce relapses, speed recovery from attacks and slow the progression of the disease. These medications include drugs such as Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate), Tysabri (natalizumab), Copaxone (glatiramer acetate) injections and Gilenya (fingolimod) to help prevent relapses and slow the formation of lesions, interferon medications, such as Avonex (interferon beta-1a) and Plegridy (peginterferon beta-1a) to help decrease the frequency of relapse symptoms and medications like Ampyra (dalfampridine) to help with symptoms such as difficulty walking. In some cases, Zinbryta (daclizumab) may be prescribed when previous medications have failed. Other medications may include corticosteroids, muscle relaxants, medications to reduce fatigue, and other medications to help control symptoms. If you or someone you know is being treated for MS, keep reading to learn the most common questions about the top multiple sclerosis treatment options.8 Active Questions | Add a Question
Zinbryta is only available from certified pharmacies under a special program. You must register the program and understand the risks of taking Zinbryta before you can receive this medication, due to the severity of possible side effects associated with this medication, including serious or life-threatening side effects on the liver. Talk to your doctor to learn more about Zinbryta.
While only your doctor can tell you which medications will work best for you, medications such as Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate), Tysabri (natalizumab), Copaxone (glatiramer acetate) injections and Gilenya (fingolimod) are often used to help prevent relapses. Talk to your doctor to find out if these medications may be right for you.
Side effects of Ampyra may include seizures, pain or burning during urination, numbness, tingling or burning pain, problems with balance, relapse or worsening of MS symptoms, headache, dizziness, insomnia, nausea or other stomach issues, weakness, stuffy nose, sinus pain and back pain. You should talk to your doctor about potential side effects before taking this medication.
Serious side effects of Avonex include fever, chills, chest pain, flu symptoms, pale skin, easy bruising, seizures, changes in vision, kidney problems, confusion and liver problems. You should contact your doctor right away if you experience these or other serious side effects. Other, more mild side effects may include stomach pain, flu-like symptoms, headache, drowsiness and minor irritation at the injection site.
Serious side effects of Plegridy may include seizures, shortness of breath, swelling, rapid weight gain, light-headedness, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, mood or behavior changes, low blood platelets, red blood cells or white blood cells, liver problems and other symptoms. Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of these side effects. Less-serious side effects may include itching or redness at the injection site, flu-like symptoms, muscle or joint pain, headache and weakness.
Your doctor can help you decide which medications may be right for you. It's important to let your doctor know if you have any allergies or are taking any other medications, as some medications may interfere with common MS medications.
Your doctor may prescribe you more than one medication. It's important that you take all medications prescribed to you, as prescribed, in order to get the most benefit from your medications in controlling your MS symptoms.